What is heat stroke?
As you all might have noticed, the summer season in Japan is hard to endure. For those who might not have experienced summer in Japan before, Japanese summers usually last from roughly the end of May to about the end of September. While May tends to be pleasantly sunny and warm, the rest of the summer is different. As most of Japan is located in the tropical to northern temperate climate zone, the weather is much hotter and more humid than most visitors to the area would expect. Before making the journey to Japan, especially in the summer, it is essential for you to prepare for weather that you might not have encountered before. Severe medical conditions may arise if you are not prepared, and no one wants to visit the hospital on vacation.
So to begin with, what exactly is Heatstroke?
Heatstroke occurs when the temperature of the body rises sharply. This may happen because of excessively high outside temperatures, physical exertion, extensive burns, and severe sunburn or because of an undiagnosed medical condition. Heatstroke is a serious condition, which occurs when the body produces or absorbs more heat than it can dissipate.The heat can affect anyone, but some people are at greater risk of serious harm. These include the elderly, babies and young children, and people who are physically active. Certain medications can also make you more susceptible to heat exhaustion.
Where do people usually get heat stroke in Japan?
In Japan, people usually get heat stroke in the beach or concert halls, where a large amount of population are gathered together during the hot summer season. A lot of incidents happened when people do not take sufficient water before they participate in activities. In Japan, there are a significant amount of individuals who are dead because of heat stroke. According to statistic, 1077 people have died because of heat stroke in 2013. Also, the number of death is increasing from 2014 to 2015 from 529 to 968. Therefore, it is critical for you to take care of yourself and not to get heatstroke. So, How exactly can you prevent heat stroke?
How should you prevent heatstroke?
In Japan, there are various kinds of sports drink available at a convenience store and vending machine. To avoid heat stroke, it is widely recommended to consume salt, minerals, and water. A bottle of water contains only a few minerals, but Japanese sports drink contains lots of minerals and is tasty. Drink these kinds sports drinks regularly, as they can prevent you from getting heat stroke. There are also several tips for you to avoid getting heatstroke in summer. First, Don’t overexert yourself. You should know your limit, and you have to know when to rest, while you are working, you should be drinking a quart of fluids an hour, as indicated before, you should be drinking the sports drink. Apart from drinks, also be careful of what you wear. Wear loose clothing light in color and fabric, as well as a hat and sunblock, can also help you to prevent heat stroke. Also, to avoid dehydration because of the sunlight, stay in the shade or indoors if possible. When you are indoor, you should pen windows and use fans, or turn on air conditioning. If you don’t have air conditioning, go to a public place that does, like a mall, library, or movie theater. Avoid caffeine and alcohol, which can speed up dehydration. Finally, be a good neighbor – check on the elderly and chronically ill persons regularly to make sure they’re bearing up under the heat.
What to do when you see people who are ill?
If you suspect someone has a heat stroke, immediately call the ambulance or transport the person to a hospital. While waiting for the paramedics to arrive, initiate first aid. Move the person to an air-conditioned environment — or at least a cool, shady area — and remove any unnecessary clothing. If possible, take the person’s core body temperature and initiate first aid to cool it to 101 to 102 degrees Fahrenheit. (If no thermometers are available, don’t hesitate to start first aid.)You can also try these strategies: fan air over the patient while wetting his or her skin with water from a sponge or garden hose. You can also apply ice packs to the patient’s armpits, groin, neck, and back. Because these areas are rich with blood vessels close to the skin, cooling them may reduce body temperature. You can also immerse the patient in a shower or tub of cool water.If the person is young and healthy and has suffered heat stroke while exercising vigorously (what’s known as exertional heat stroke), you can use an ice bath to help cool the body.